Final Programme

Wednesday 14th September

10.00-12.00 – Registration

12.00-13.30:

Panel: Catholicism and Anti-Catholicism in post-Reformation England

Chair: Anna French

  • Adam Morton (Newcastle): ‘Sanctifying Sight: Popery, Purgation, and Stephen Bateman’s Christall Glass of Reformation (1569)
  • Thomas Freeman (Essex): ‘Martyrs, myths and memory: the visual legacy of John Foxe’s Acts and Monuments
  • Katherine Forsyth (Cambridge): ‘Papist Robyn and the Marian Book Trade’.

Panel: Local Responses to the Reformation

Chair: Alfred Johnson

  • Anne Le Baigue (Kent): ‘“Where true, faithfull and godly philosophers raigne and beare rule”: Sandwich and the impact of the Reformation, 1558-1625’.
  • Elizabeth Goodwin (Sheffield): ‘A Scramble for Monastic Land? Communal Negotiation of Yorkshire Cistercian Convents at the Dissolution of the Monasteries’.
  • Sarah Bastow (Huddersfield): ‘Catholic Male Piety in post-Reformation England’.

13.30-13.45 – Coffee

13.45-15.15:

Panel: Polemic & the Reformation

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Joshua Rodda (Nottingham): ‘Dissenting Voices? The Fictional Religious Dialogue as a Source for Reformation History’.
  • Jasper van der Steen (Humbolt-Universität zu Berlin): ‘Appropriating the Reformation: Religious Memory in the Dutch Republic, 1609-1619’.
  • Susan Royal (Durham): ‘John Foxe, Episcopacy, and the via media of the Church of England’.

Panel: Zeal, Election and Edification

Chair: Jonathan Willis

  • Catherine McMillan (Edinburgh): ‘“Zeal and charity”: Scottish Charitable Giving in Support of Geneva and the Common Cause of Protestantism’.
  • Hsing-hao Chao (National Taichung University of Education, Taiwan): ‘The Idea of the Elect Nation in Milton’s Prose’.
  • Alexander Hardie-Forsyth (York): ‘They could not see in to the sense of Scripture’: Toward a Marginal History of Reading the Geneva

 

Panel: Remembering the Reformation: Memory, the Edwardian Reformation, and Elizabethan England

Chair: Lucy Wooding

  • Ceri Law (Cambridge): ‘Reading the Sermons of Hugh Latimer as Memorials’.
  • Stephen Tong (Cambridge): ‘From Edward to Elizabeth via Frankfurt’.
  • Brian Cummings (York): ‘Bucer’s Books: Memory and Grapho-Relics’.

15.15-15.30 – Coffee

15.30-17.00:

Panel: Remembering the Reformation: Martyrs, Missionaries and Catholic Memory

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Bronwyn Wallace (York): ‘Re-membering Robert Southwell’
  • Alexandra Walsham (Cambridge): Martyrdom, Mission and Memory in the English Counter Reformation: Thomas Maxfield and his Afterlives.
  • Liesbeth Corens (Cambridge): ‘Storehouses of Memory: English Expatriate Houses and Catholic Memory’.

Panel: Types and Anti-Types in the Reformation World

Chair: Rosamund Oates

  • Patrick McGhee (Cambridge): ‘Heathenism in the Post-Reformation Atlantic World’.
  • Russell Newton (Edinburgh): ‘Systematising Typology: The Making of Moses Unveiled (1620)’.
  • Anne Thompson (Warwick): ‘Recovering and reconstructing the lives of parish clergy wives in Elizabethan England’.

Panel: Life writing in Counter-Reformation Europe

Chair: Luc Racaut

  • Carol Baxter (Trinity College Dublin): ‘The construction of sainthood as a family enterprise: the politics of life-writing at Port-Royal’
  • Jaime Goodrich, (Wayne State University): ‘The Intertextual Cloister: Lucy Knatchbull, Toby Matthew, and Life Writing among the English Benedictines of Ghent’
  • Jennifer Hillman (Chester): ‘Lives Entwined: Lay Women, Friendship and Spiritual Biography in Counter-Reformation Paris’

17.00-18.15: Marc Forster (Connecticut College): ‘What Happened to the Popular Reformation’?

Chair: Alexandra Walsham

19.30: Conference Meal 1 (Blackfriars)

 

Thursday 15th September: Day Two

9.00-11.00:

Panel: Crossing boundaries in Europe’s Reformations

Chair: Luc Racaut

  • Lucy Nicholas (King’s College, London): ‘Crossing boundaries in the European Reformation: Johannes Sturm and the English Reformation’.
  • Thomas Goodwin (New College, Oxford): ‘The Poligrafi and the Circulation of Religious Deviancy in Printed Books in Sixteenth-Century Italy’.
  • Nicholas Terpstra (Toronto): ‘Exile, expulsion, and religious refugees: Forced migrations and the meaning of Reformation’.
  • Nina Adamova (St. Petersburg State University): ‘“God’s plantation” in “God’s Plan”: interpretations of religious emigration in early seventeenth century England’.

Panel: Adapting & Contesting Printed & Material Culture

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Maria Crăciun (Cluj): ‘Lutheran Retables and Confessional Iconographic Programmes in Early Modern Transylvania’.
  • Daisy Gibbs (Newcastle): ‘The Mirror of Martyrs, Music and Monument in the Elizabethan fin-de-siècle’.
  • Anik Laferrière (Keble College, Oxford): ‘Peddlers of Paradise: Indulgences and Confraternity from the Austin Friars’.
  • Drew Thomas (St. Andrews): ‘Printing Luther: Re-analyzing the Reformation Print Trade’.

Panel: Authorities and the Reformation

Chair: Alexandra Walsham

  • Ralph Stevens (University College Dublin): ‘“The Psalms of the Day”: Providence, liturgy, and scripture in seventeenth-century England’.
  • Alexandra Anokhina (KU Leuven): ‘Counter Reformation political discussions: Fr. Vitoria and Fr. Suarez on the concept of the state’.
  • Martin Christ (Oxford): ‘An incomplete Reformation? Rituals and Religion in Upper Lusatia, c. 1520-1620’.

11.00-11.30 – Coffee

11.30-13.00:

Panel: Reformation Self-Fashioning? Writing and Identity

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Jacqueline Rose (St. Andrews): ‘“A particular favour from God?” Persuasion, polemic, and the conversion of Anne Hyde, Duchess of York’.
  • Antonella Cagnolati (Foggia) & Sergio Marin Conejo (Seville): ‘Performing death in Reformation England. Women and the last stage of life in funeral sermons (1560-1640)’.
  • Laura Sangha (Exeter): ‘Life-writing and Religious Identity in post-Reformation England’.

Panel: Reform & Restoration: Edward VI & Mary I

Chair: Lucy Wooding

  • Stephanie Shing-Kelly (Adelaide): ‘Female Patronage and the religious book in the reign of Edward VI, 1547-1553’.
  • Stephen Bates (Warwick): ‘The Church of Mary Tudor revisited: the evidence of the primers’.
  • Aude de Mezerac (Lille): ‘The Restoration of the Mass under Mary I’.

Panel: Catholics, Exiles & Martyrs

Chair: Thomas Freeman

  • James Kelly (Durham): ‘Whose martyr is it anyway? The Oath of Allegiance, martyrdom and the Benedictine mission to England’.
  • Fred Smith (Clare College, Cambridge): ‘Identity, Agency and Catholic Exile, 1532-1558’.
  • Cristina Bravo Lozano (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Seville): ‘Rethinking the Irish Mission: The Case of Gerard Dowdall’.

13.00-14.00: Lunch

14.00-16.00:

Panel: Conformity and Nonconformity in the very long Reformation

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Carys Brown (Cambridge): ‘Moderation, politeness, and toleration in England, c. 1689-1712’
  • Ben Rogers (Edinburgh): ‘The Politics of Comprehension in Scotland, 1689-1702’
  • Alice Soulieux-Evans (Cambridge): ‘Symbols of Conformity or a Minority Preference? English Cathedrals & the Drive for Comprehension, 1660-1689’.
  • Andrew Carter (St. Andrews): ‘“I hope our friendship shall not suffer by it”: Relations between conformists and non-conformists in Scotland, 1661-1678’.

Panel: Negotiation & Exchange: Catholics in post-Reformation Britain

Chair: Luc Racaut

  • Liam Temple (Northumbria): ‘“To the Reader who is not Catholike”: Benedictine texts and their Protestant readership in mid-seventeenth century England’.
  • Anna Seregina (Russian Academy of Sciences): ‘Catholic nobles and the ritual of the New Year gift exchange in Elizabethan England’.
  • Katherine Koh (University of California, Riverside): ‘ “In Animo Catholicus”: The Foundation and Early Years of St. John’s College, Oxford (1555-1581).
  • Eilish Gregory (UCL): ‘The Navigation of the Sequestration and Compounding Process during the Civil War and Interregnum: The Case of John Caryll’.

16.00-16.30 – Coffee

16.30-18.00: Susan Karant-Nunn (Arizona): ‘The Individual in the Reformation’

Chair: Nicholas Terpstra

18.00 – Wine Reception

18.30: Conference Dinner 2 (Courtyard)

 

Friday 16th September: Day Three.

9.00-11.00:

Panel: Affecting Reform: Sensing, Disability and the Body in post-Reformation culture

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Chris R. Langley (Newman University): ‘“The best schollars that Christ gets are blind, lame, cripples, and such like”: Clerical attitudes towards bodily disability in seventeenth-century Scotland’.
  • Rosamund Oates (Manchester Metropolitan University): ‘“Speaking with hands”: preaching & deafness in early modern England’.
  • Anna French (Liverpool): ‘Perceptions of Infancy and Unplanned Pregnancy in post-Reformation England’

 

Panel: Scripture, Law, and Society

Chair: Laura Sangha

  • Steven Foster (Leeds): ‘“subiectes so disobedient”: Romans 13 and the Edwardian Rebellions of 1549’
  • Takayuki Yagi (Edinburgh): ‘The Doctrine of Reprobation in William Ames (1576-1633)’
  • Jonathan Willis (Birmingham): ‘Law and Order in Post-Reformation England: The Ten Commandments and the Preaching of Assize Sermons’
  • Alfred Johnson (Sydney): ‘The Reformation and Civility in Scotland’.

11.00-11.30 – Coffee

11.30-13.00: Lucy Wooding (Kings College, London): ‘Picturing the Reformation: perceptions of faith in early modern England’.

Chair: Jonathan Willis

Conference closes.

Provisional Programme

The provisional programme for the Reformation Colloquium can be viewed below.

Wednesday 14th September: Day One

10.00-12.00 – Registration

12.00-13.30:

Panel: Anti-Catholicism and Visual Culture in post-Reformation England

Chair: Anna French

  • Adam Morton (Newcastle): ‘Sanctifying Sight: Popery, Purgation, and Stephen Bateman’s Christall Glass of Reformation (1569)
  • Thomas Freeman (Essex): ‘Martyrs, myths and memory: the visual legacy of John Foxe’s Acts and Monuments
  • Naomi Lebens (The Courtald Institute of Art): ‘Playing at Plotting: Francis Barlow and the “Popish Plot” Playing-Cards c.1679’.

Panel: Local Responses to the Reformation

Chair: Alfred Johnson

  • Anne Le Baigue (Kent): ‘“Where true, faithfull and godly philosophers raigne and beare rule”: Sandwich and the impact of the Reformation, 1558-1625’.
  • Elizabeth Goodwin (Sheffield): ‘A Scramble for Monastic Land? Communal Negotiation of Yorkshire Cistercian Convents at the Dissolution of the Monasteries’.

 

  • Sarah Bastow (Huddersfield): ‘Catholic Male Piety in post-Reformation England’.

13.30-14.00 – Coffee

 

14.00-15.30:

Panel: Polemic & the Reformation

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Joshua Rodda (Nottingham): ‘Dissenting Voices? The Fictional Religious Dialogue as a Source for Reformation History’.
  • Jasper van der Steen (Humbolt-Universität zu Berlin): ‘Appropriating the Reformation: Religious Memory in the Dutch Republic, 1609-1619’.
  • Susan Royal (Durham): ‘John Foxe, Episcopacy, and the via media of the Church of England’.

Panel: Zeal, Election and Edification

Chair: Jonathan Willis

  • Catherine McMillan (Edinburgh): ‘“Zeal and charity”: Scottish Charitable Giving in Support of Geneva and the Common Cause of Protestantism’.
  • Hsing-hao Chao (National Taichung University, Taiwan): ‘The Idea of the Elect Nation in Milton’s Prose’.
  • Mikki Brock (Washington and Lee): ‘Between the Devil and the Elect: Preaching Predestination in Early Modern Scotland’.

 

  • Alexander Hardie-Forsyth (York): ‘They could not see in to the sense of Scripture’: Toward a Marginal History of Reading the Geneva

 

Panel: Remembering the Reformation: Memory, the Edwardian Reformation, and Elizabethan England

 

Chair: Lucy Wooding

 

  • Ceri Law (Cambridge): ‘Reading the Sermons of Hugh Latimer as Memorials’.
  • Stephen Tong (Cambridge): ‘From Edward to Elizabeth via Frankfurt’.
  • Brian Cummings (York): ‘Bucer’s Books: Memory and Grapho-Relics’.

 

15.30-16.00 – Coffee

 

 

16.00-17.30:

Panel: Remembering the Reformation: Martyrs, Missionaries and Catholic Memory

 

Chair: Adam Morton

 

  • Bronwyn Wallace (York): ‘Re-membering Robert Southwell’
  • Alexandra Walsham (Cambridge): Martyrdom, Mission and Memory in the English Counter Reformation: Thomas Maxfield and his Afterlives.
  • Liesbeth Corens (Cambridge): ‘Storehouses of Memory: English Expatriate Houses and Catholic Memory’.

 

Panel: Types and Anti-Types in the Reformation World

Chair: Rosamund Oates

  • Patrick McGhee (Cambridge): ‘Heathenism in the Post-Reformation Atlantic World’.
  • Russell Newton (Edinburgh): ‘Systematising Typology: The Making of Moses Unveiled (1620)’.
  • Anne Thompson (Warwick): ‘Recovering and reconstructing the lives of parish clergy wives in Elizabethan England’.

Panel: Life writing in Counter-Reformation Europe

Chair: Luc Racaut

  • Carol Baxter (Trinity College Dublin): ‘The construction of sainthood as a family enterprise: the politics of life-writing at Port-Royal’
  •  
  • Jaime Goodrich, (Wayne State University): ‘The Intertextual Cloister: Lucy Knatchbull, Toby Matthew, and Life Writing among the English Benedictines of Ghent’
  • Jennifer Hillman (Chester): ‘Lives Entwined: Lay Women, Friendship and Spiritual Biography in Counter-Reformation Paris’

 

17.45-1900: Marc Forster (Connecticut College): ‘What Happened to the Popular Reformation’?

Chair: Alexandra Walsham

19.30: Conference Meal 1 (Courtyard)

_________

Thursday 15th September: Day Two

9.00-10.30:

Panel: Crossing boundaries in Europe’s Reformations

Chair: Luc Racaut

  • Lucy Nicholas (King’s College, London): ‘Crossing boundaries in the European Reformation: Johannes Sturm and the English Reformation’.
  • Thomas Goodwin (New College, Oxford): ‘The Poligrafi and the Circulation of Religious Deviancy in Printed Books in Sixteenth-Century Italy’.
  • Nicholas Terpstra (Toronto): ‘Exile, expulsion, and religious refugees: Forced migrations and the meaning of Reformation’.

Panel: Adapting & Contesting Material Culture

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Maria Crăciun (Cluj): ‘Lutheran Retables and Confessional Iconographic Programmes in Early Modern Transylvania’.
  • Daisy Gibbs (Newcastle): ‘The Mirror of Martyrs, Music and Monument in the Elizabethan fin-de-siècle’.
  • Anik Laferrière (Keble College, Oxford): ‘Peddlers of Paradise: Indulgences and Confraternity from the Austin Friars’.

Panel: The Reformation and the Disenchantment of the World

Chair: Alexandra Walsham

  • Ralph Stevens (University College Dublin): ‘“The Psalms of the Day”: Providence, liturgy, and scripture in seventeenth-century England’.
  • Martin Kjellgren (Malmö): ‘Disenchantment Revisited: a Reappraisal of the Reformation and the “Decline of Magic” in the Christian World’.
  • Martin Christ (Oxford): ‘An incomplete Reformation? Rituals and Religion in Upper Lusatia, c. 1520-1620’.

 

10.30-11.00 – Coffee

11.00-12.30:

Panel: Reformation Self-Fashioning? Writing and Identity

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Jacqueline Rose (St. Andrews): ‘“A particular favour from God?” Persuasion, polemic, and the conversion of Anne Hyde, Duchess of York’.
  • Antonella Cagnolati (Foggia) & Sergio Marin Conejo (Seville): ‘Performing death in Reformation England. Women and the last stage of life in funeral sermons (1560-1640)’.
  • Laura Sangha (Exeter): ‘Life-writing and Religious Identity in post-Reformation England’.

Panel: Reform & Restoration: Edward VI & Mary I

Chair:

  • Stephanie Shing-Kelly (Adelaide): ‘Female Patronage and the religious book in the reign of Edward VI, 1547-1553’.
  • Stephen Bates (Warwick): ‘The Church of Mary Tudor revisited: the evidence of the primers’.
  • Aude de Mezerac (Lille): ‘The Restoration of the Mass under Mary I’.

Panel: Catholics, Exiles & Martyrs

Chair: Thomas Freeman

  • James Kelly (Durham): ‘Whose martyr is it anyway? The Oath of Allegiance, martyrdom and the Benedictine mission to England’.
  • Fred Smith (Clare College, Cambridge): ‘Identity, Agency and Catholic Exile, 1532-1558’.
  • Cristina Bravo Lozano (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Seville): ‘Rethinking the Irish Mission: The Case of Gerard Dowdall’.

 

12.30-14.00: Lunch

 

14.00-16.00:

Panel: Conformity and Nonconformity in the very long Reformation

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Carys Brown (Cambridge): ‘Moderation, politeness, and toleration in England, c. 1689-1712’
  • Ben Rogers (Edinburgh): ‘The Politics of Comprehension in Scotland, 1689-1702’
  • Alice Soulieux-Evans (Cambridge): ‘Symbols of Conformity or a Minority Preference? English Cathedrals & the Drive for Comprehension, 1660-1689’.
  • Andrew Carter (St. Andrews): ‘“I hope our friendship shall not suffer by it”: Relations between conformists and non-conformists in Scotland, 1661-1678’.

Panel: Negotiation & Exchange: Catholics in post-Reformation Britain

Chair:

  • Liam Temple (Northumbria): ‘“To the Reader who is not Catholike”: Benedictine texts and their Protestant readership in mid-seventeenth century England’.
  • Anna Seregina (Russian Academy of Sciences): ‘Catholic nobles and the ritual of the New Year gift exchange in Elizabethan England’.
  • Katherine Koh (University of California, Riverside): ‘ “In Animo Catholicus”: The Foundation and Early Years of St. John’s College, Oxford (1555-1581).
  • Eilish Gregory (UCL): ‘The Navigation of the Sequestration and Compounding Process during the Civil War and Interregnum: The Case of John Caryll’.

16.00-16.30 – Coffee

17.00-18.30: Susan Karant-Nunn (Arizona): ‘The Individual in the Reformation’

Chair: Nicholas Terpstra

19.00: Conference Dinner 2 (Courtyard)

_________

Friday 16th September: Day Three:

9.00-11.00:

Panel: Affecting Reform: Sensing, Disability and the Body in post-Reformation culture

Chair: Adam Morton

  • Chris R. Langley (Newman University): ‘“The best schollars that Christ gets are blind, lame, cripples, and such like”: Clerical attitudes towards bodily disability in seventeenth-century Scotland’.
  • Lucy Busfield (St. John’s College, Oxford): ‘“Sweete Society”: Spiritual Counselling and the Epistolary Communion of Saints in Seventeenth-century England’.
  • Rosamund Oates (Manchester Metropolitan University): ‘“Speaking with hands”: preaching & deafness in early modern England’.
  • Anna French (Liverpool): ‘Perceptions of Infancy and Unplanned Pregnancy in post-Reformation England’

 

Panel: Scripture, Law, and Society

Chair: Laura Sangha

  • Steven Foster (Leeds): ‘“subiectes so disobedient”: Romans 13 and the Edwardian Rebellions of 1549’
  • Takayuki Yagi (Edinburgh): ‘The Doctrine of Reprobation in William Ames (1576-1633)’
  • Jonathan Willis (Birmingham): ‘Law and Order in Post-Reformation England: The Ten Commandments and the Preaching of Assize Sermons’
  • Alfred Johnson (Sydney): ‘The Reformation and Civility in Scotland’.

 

11.00-11.30 – Coffee

11.30-13.00: Lucy Wooding (Kings College, London): ‘Picturing the Reformation: perceptions of faith in early modern England’.

Chair: Jonathan Willis

Conference closes.

Booking accommodation

Accommodation will have to be booked separately from registration. A range of hotels in the centre of Newcastle can be booked using the following link: www.NewcastleGateshead.com/ReformationColloquium

Each of the hotels in question is very close to the central Railway station in Newcastle. To get to the conference venue from each is only a short walk (under 1 mile).

You could also use the Metro – Central Station to Hayemarket (where you would need to get off for the university) is only two stops.

It should be noted that Newcastle also has a range of hotels at various prices in the city centre.

Conference venue: Both ERRG and the Colloquium are being held in Newcastle’s ‘Research Beehive’. This is building no. 25 on this map:

http://www.ncl.ac.uk/media/wwwnclacuk/abouttheuniversity/files/campus-map.pdf

If you are walking from the railway station you will approach campus via Northumberland Street (the main shopping street in Newcastle). Hayemarket metro station will be on your left as you reach the top. You will then have to cross the road (Church of St. Thomas the Martyr will be directly in front of you) and then cross a dual carriageway to access campus. The main pedestrian route into campus is next to the campus coffee shop (which is in turn next to Blackwells). If you keep walking straight on the pedestrian route, you will go through an archway into a quad (the Armstrong Building will be on your left). After 100 metres or so you will come to the Percy Building. Here you should turn right down a flight of stairs towards the Courtyard Restaurant (on your right). The Research Beehive is in this building. In total, the Research Beehive is less than a 5 minute walk from Northumberland Street.

Registration is now open

Registration: Registration is now open. You can book the event using the following ‘webstore’:

http://webstore.ncl.ac.uk/browse/extra_info.aspcompid=1&modid=2&deptid=9&catid=53&prodid=472

Rates aare £40 for a single day, and £110 for all three days of the colloquium. The full rate also entitles you to attend ERRG (which runs the day before the Colloquium, from lunch-time to lunch-time on 13-14 September) at no additional charge. It also includes two evening meals on the 14th and 15th. If you are planning to attend ERRG, you will need to email Anna French (anna.french@liverpool.ac.uk) to submit a paper proposal. It would be hugely appreciated, however, if you could indicate whether you will be attending ERRG when you register for the Colloquium (you will be prompted to do so).
Accommodation must be booked separately from registration.

About

The Reformation Colloquium is a bi-annual international conference hosted by universities in the UK. The event provides an opportunity for scholars at all stages of their careers to present new research. Early career scholars and PhD students working in any Reformation related field are particularly encourage to submit a proposal for a 20 minute paper.

We warmly welcome paper proposals from scholars working the disciplines of History, Literature, Art History and Visual Culture, Theology and any other area with a Reformation focus.

Reformation Colloquium 2016

The next Reformation Studies Colloquium will be held at Newcastle University, 14-16 September 2016. The plenary speakers will be Prof. Susan Karant-Nunn (Arizona), Prof. Marc Forster (Connecticut) and Dr. Lucy Wooding (King’s College, London).

The Colloquium will take place from lunchtime on Wednesday 14 September to lunchtime on Friday 16 September.

The Call for 20 minute papers is now open. Offers of papers on all aspects of the Reformation (Protestant and Catholic; British, European, and global; in the period 1500-1700) will be warmly welcomed. Please email a 300 word proposal (including institutional affiliation) to reformation@ncl.ac.uk The final deadline for receiving paper proposals is 31st March 2016.

Those delegates who are members of the European Reformations Research Group will wish to note that it will meet from lunchtime to lunchtime on 13-14 September, also at Newcastle University. Please contact the organiser of ERRG (theerrg@gmail.com) regarding this, but please note that there will be a single booking form allowing you to book for both events.

All proposal forms and any queries and changes of contact details should be sent to reformation@ncl.ac.uk.

Event organiser: Adam Morton